The Military Fortress was built in the 18th century to guard against invasion from the north. It was used both in WW1 as a prison and was converted into a concentration camp during World War II. The main part of the town called “Big Fortress“ became a ghetto-concentration camp for Jews, which Hitler used as a propaganda town to show how kind he was to the Jews. The “Small Fortress“ was used as a Gestapo police prison and was more of a transit camp where people would be registered imprisoned and later either moved into town or sent to extermination camps in other parts of Europe.
The tour includes the transfer entrances and tour guide